靜態動詞

每個英文學生都應該知道的靜態動詞!

如果您希望提高英文能力的學生,那麼了解動詞是個重點。 相信您來到這裡是因為您正在學習英文,想要多了解英文及其他內容,尤其是文法。

身為英文學生,您應該了解英文文法中在句子結構很重要,應該要知道詞性在句子中的作用,但您知道每個詞性都有特定的類型嗎?

例如,動詞不只是動詞,還會在不知不覺中使用其他動詞時態,但你可能還是不知道動詞的確切功能和在句子中的用法。

在本文中,我們將深入研究動詞的特定狀態並了解它在句子中的用法。 我們會提供一份英文靜態動詞表。

Table of Contents

靜態動詞:定義和用法

到這邊,你一定已經問過自己什麼是靜態動詞了。 那麼,究竟什麼是靜態動詞呢? 靜態動詞,也稱為狀態動詞,描述存在的狀態而不是動作。 與動態動詞不同,它們不表現出物理運動或變化。 這些動詞僅用於簡單時態和完成時態,不能用在連續句子中。

例句:

            ■ I appreciate your effort in coming here. ✅
            ■ I am appreciating your effort in coming here. ❎

靜態動詞表達思想、情緒、感覺或存在狀態。 它們通常描述不易量化或測量的情況。 靜態動詞通常用於表達意見、想法或感受,以及描述不涉及動作的特徵或狀態。 以下是英文中的靜態動詞。 在本文末,將看到使用這些靜態動詞的例句。

靜態動詞

常見的靜態動詞表

以下是英文學生應該知道的常見靜態動詞分類表:

■ 想法與意見

Believe: Do you believe in aliens?
Think: I think this movie is amazing.
Know: She knows the answer to that question.
Understand: Do you understand what I’m saying?

■ 情緒與感覺

Love: They love each other deeply.
Like: I like chocolate ice cream.
Hate: He hates Mondays.
Enjoy: We enjoy traveling.

■ 感官和知覺

See: Can you see the beautiful sunset?
Hear: I can hear birds chirping outside.
Smell: This flower smells wonderful.
Taste: The cake tastes delicious.

■ 擁有

Have: I have a new car.
Own: She owns a beautiful house.
Possess: They possess great talent.
Belong: This book belongs to her.

■ 狀態和條件

Be: I am tired after a long day.
Feel: He feels nervous before exams.
Seem: She seems happy today.
Appear: It appears that he is upset.

■ 測量

Weigh: This bag weighs five kilograms.
Cost: How much does this shirt cost?
Measure: Can you measure the length of the table?
Contain: The box contains twelve pens.

學生應該對這些動詞不陌生,能有效地進行溝通並避免文法錯誤。 透過熟悉靜態動詞表,將能夠準確且自信地表達自己。

靜態動詞不用於進行式時態,因為它描述的是狀態而不是動作。 練習在上下文中使用這些動詞,增強英文能力並成為更有效的溝通者。

雖然這個清單並不完整。 練習在上下文中使用這些動詞,漸漸地,你就能在對話和寫作中更熟練地使用它們。

靜態動詞與動態動詞

靜態動詞和動態動詞是完全相反的兩類動詞。

如我們所討論的,靜態動詞是用來描述不涉及任何動作的事物的動詞。 另一方面,動態動詞是指涉及執行者身體運動的動詞。

參考下面的例子:

            動態動詞: The team played basketball fairly. – 主詞(團隊)執行了這個動作,並涉及身體動作。
            Static Verb: The employees look good in their attire. – 主詞(員工們)沒有做出任何動作,但他們的外表卻讓觀眾滿意。

靜態動詞的其他例子

擁有
Has / HaveThe manager and the CEO both have a villa by the sea.
ConsistThe English alphabet consists of 26 letters.
IncludeSome of the things I like include watching movies and cooking.
InvolveThe new project will involve multiple teams to complete it on time.
PackThe warehouse is packed with expired canned goods.
感覺
LookWow! The chicken curry looks delicious!
SmellSizzling barbecue smells so enticing.
SoundWhy do you sound like you can’t breathe?
TasteThe spaghetti my mom cooked tastes so yummy.
TouchPlease don’t touch any stuff that isn’t yours.
情緒
AdoreMy father adores my mother so much.
CareI don’t care what people think.
DesirePoliticians desire power.
DislikeDo you dislike the smell of flowers?
HopeThe children hope to receive Christmas gifts.
MindPlease don’t mind them; they are just kidding.
NeedYou need to submit the pertinent documents before the end of your shift.
PreferMy mother prefers watching TV at home.
ValueAll children should value their parents.
WishI wish I could win the lottery.
心理狀態
AstonishThe CEO was astonished by the new manager’s performance.
DenyPlease don’t deny you’re cheating.
DisagreeThe client disagreed with the board’s decision.
DoubtThere is no doubt that Mr. Smith will be promoted.
ForgetWhy did you forget to turn off your computer?
PleaseWe are pleased to announce the promotion of Miss Watanabe as the new manager.
PromisePromise me you’ll come back here next month.
RealizeHave you realized the importance of education?
RememberIt’s your responsibility to remember and keep all your passwords.
RecognizeWould you recognize me when we see each other after 10 years?
SatisfyThe performers satisfied the audience in last night’s play.
SupposeDo you suppose it will rain tomorrow morning?
 
DependYour incentives depend on your performance.
FitDo these clothes fit your body?
MatterIt’s the thought that matters.
OweMr. Mush owes a lot of money to the bank.

學習靜態動詞是掌握英文重要的一步。 既然已經擁有了這個寶貴的資源,就可以滿懷信心地探索靜態動詞的世界了。

祝您學習愉快,並祝福您的英文之旅充實而有意義!